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EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT HIGH CHOLESTROL

High cholesterol is a rather widespread problem. Adults 20 years and older may have borderline high cholesterol levels.

What is cholesterol?

One kind of lipid is cholesterol. Your liver naturally creates this waxy, fat-like material. It is essential for the synthesis of vitamin D, some hormones, and cell membranes.

Cholesterol cannot independently circulate through your blood since it does not dissolve in water. Your liver makes lipoproteins to aid in the transport of cholesterol.

Lipoproteins are fatty and protein-based particles. They circulate through the bloodstream, carrying triglycerides and cholesterol, another kind of lipid. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) are the two principal types of lipoprotein (HDL).

Any type of cholesterol carried by low-density lipoproteins is an LDL cholesterin. You can be given a high cholesterol diagnosis if the LDL cholesterol in your blood is too high. Without therapy, high cholesterol can cause a number of health problems, such as heart attacks and strokes.

Rarely do signs of high cholesterol appear at first. You should therefore have your cholesterol levels checked frequently.

High cholesterol symptoms

High cholesterol is typically a “silent” disease. Usually, it doesn’t result in any symptoms. Before experiencing major side effects like a heart attack or stroke, many people don’t even realise they have high cholesterol.

Regular cholesterol screening is crucial for this reason. Ask your doctor if you should undergo regular cholesterol screening if you are 20 years of age or older. Find out how this screening may be able to save your life.

Causes of high cholesterol

Consuming an excessive amount of meals high in cholesterol, saturated fats, and trans fats may make you more likely to acquire high cholesterol. Additionally, your risk can go up if you are obese. Inactivity and smoking are two more lifestyle choices that might raise cholesterol.

Your likelihood of getting high cholesterol may also be influenced by your heredity. Parents pass on their genes to their offspring. Your body receives guidance from specific genes on how to digest lipids and cholesterol. You may be more likely to develop high cholesterol if your parents do.

Familial hypercholesterolemia is a rare cause of elevated cholesterol. Your body is unable to eliminate LDL due to this hereditary condition. LDL readings exceeding 200 milligram per deciliter and total cholesterol levels above 300 milligram per deciliter are typical in adults with this disease.

We may be more susceptible to acquiring high cholesterol and associated issues if you already have other medical diseases like diabetes and hypothyroidism.

HDL cholesterol, or “good cholesterol”

“Good cholesterol” is another name for HDL cholesterol. It aids in transporting LDL cholesterol back to the liver for elimination from the body. This aids in preventing the buildup of cholesterol plaque in your arteries.

Healthy HDL cholesterol levels can aid in reducing your risk of blood clots, heart disease, and stroke.

LDL cholesterol, or “bad cholesterol”

LDL cholesterol, which transports cholesterol to your arteries, is frequently referred to as “bad cholesterol.” LDL cholesterol can accumulate on the lining of your arteries if your levels are too high.

Cholesterol plaque is another name for this accumulation. This plaque can cause artery narrowing, reduced blood flow, and an increased risk of blood clots. A heart attack or stroke can result from a blood clot blocking an artery in your heart or brain.

Triglycerides, a different type of lipid

The lipid class also includes triglycerides. They are not the same as cholesterol. Triglycerides serve as a source of energy for your body, whereas cholesterol is used to create hormones and certain types of cells.

Triglycerides are created when you consume more calories than your body can immediately utilise. Triglycerides are kept in your fat cells. Triglycerides are also transported through the bloodstream via lipoproteins.

Your triglyceride levels could get too high if you consistently consume more calories than your body can burn. Your chance of developing a number of illnesses, such as heart disease and stroke, may increase as a result.

Risk factors for high cholesterol

You can be more vulnerable to getting high cholesterol if you:

  • are living with obesity
  • consume a lot of saturated and trans fats, like those found in fast food
  • have limited physical activity
  • smoke tobacco products
  • have a family history of high cholesterol
  • have diabetes, kidney disease, or hypothyroidism

High cholesterol can affect people of various ages, genders, and ethnicities.

Complications of high cholesterol

Plaque can accumulate in your arteries as a result of elevated cholesterol if it is not treated. Your arteries may eventually get narrower due to this plaque. The term “atherosclerosis” refers to this disorder.

The state of atherosclerosis is severe. Your arteries’ ability to carry blood can be constrained. It also increases your chance of getting potentially harmful blood clots.

Numerous potentially fatal consequences from atherosclerosis 

  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Angina, or chest pain
  • High blood pressure
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease
  • Chronic Kidney Disease

A biliary imbalance brought on by high cholesterol can increase your risk of gallstones. Check out the other effects that elevated cholesterol might have on your health

How to prevent high cholesterol

To lessen the possibility of getting high cholesterol:

  • Eat a nutritious diet that’s low in cholesterol and animal fats, and high in fibre.
  • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Maintain a moderate weight.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Avoid smoking.

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