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HEART DISEASE

Who gets heart disease?

The main factor in fatalities is heart disease. India has a higher age-standardised CVD death rate than the rest of the world, with 272 per 100,000 people, compared to 235 per 100,000 people globally.

Nobody is exempt from having heart disease. It is the primary cause of death.Even though heart disease can be fatal, the majority of people can avoid getting it. You may live longer and have a healthier heart if you start developing good living habits early.

What are the different types of heart disease?

Numerous cardiovascular conditions fall under the umbrella term of heart disease. Heart disease is a broad term that covers a number of ailments and disorders. Various heart conditions include:

Arrhythmia: Atypical heartbeat is referred to as an arrhythmia.

Atherosclerosis :  Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries.

Cardiomyopathy : The heart’s muscles become stiff or weak as a result of this illness.

Congenital heart defects: Heart abnormalities that exist from birth are referred to as congenital heart defects.

Coronary artery disease (CAD): CAD is caused by the buildup of plaque in the heart’s arteries. It’s sometimes called ischemic heart disease.

Heart infections: Bacteria, viruses, or parasites may be the source of heart infections.

Heart problems that primarily impact the blood arteries are referred to as cardiovascular diseases.

What are the symptoms of heart disease?

Different types of heart disease may result in a variety of different symptoms.

Arrhythmias

Abnormal cardiac beats are known as arrhythmias. The type of arrhythmia you have—either too rapid or too slow heartbeats—may affect the symptoms you feel. Arrhythmia signs and symptoms include:

  • lightheadedness
  • slow pulse
  • Fluttering heart or racing heartbeat
  • Fainting Spells
  • Dizziness
  • Chest Pain

Atherosclerosis

Your extremities receive less blood due to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis symptoms include: shortness of breath, chest discomfort, and:

  • coldness especially in the limbs
  • numbness, especially in the limbs
  • unusual or unexplained pain
  • weakness in your legs and arms

Congenital heart defects

Heart issues known as congenital heart abnormalities arise when a foetus is developing. Some heart conditions go undiagnosed. When they produce symptoms, other things like:

  • blue tinged-skin
  • swelling of
  • shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • fatigue and low energy
  • irregular heart rhythm

Coronary artery disease (CAD)

Plaque accumulation in the arteries that provide oxygen-rich blood to the heart and lungs is known as CAD. Among the signs of CAD are:

  • chest pain or discomfort
  • a feeling of pressure or squeezing in the chest
  • shortness of breath
  • nausea
  • feelings of indigestion or gas

Cardiomyopathy

The condition known as cardiomyopathy causes the heart’s muscles to enlarge and become rigid, thick, or weak. The following are signs of this condition:

  • fatigue
  • bloating
  • swollen legs, especially ankles and feet
  • shortness of breath
  • pounding or rapid pulse

Heart infections

Endocarditis and myocarditis are two illnesses that may be referred to as heart infections. Heart infection signs and symptoms include:

  • chest pain
  • chest congestion or coughing
  • fever
  • chills
  • skin rash

What are the symptoms of heart disease in women?

When it comes to CAD and other cardiovascular disorders in particular, women frequently exhibit distinct heart disease symptoms than males do.

the signs of a heart attack that women encountered most frequently. Top symptoms didn’t include “classic” heart attack signs like tingling and chest pain. Women were more likely than males to report experiencing anxiety, sleep difficulties, and unexpected or unexplained exhaustion.

Women’s heart disease symptoms can occasionally be mistaken for those of other illnesses like depression, menopause, and anxiety.

Common heart disease symptoms in women include:

  • dizziness
  • paleness
  • shortness of breath or shallow breathing
  • lightheadedness
  • fainting or passing out
  • anxiety
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • jaw pain
  • neck pain
  • back pain
  • indigestion or gas like pain in the chest and stomach
  • cold sweats

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